Causes of Hypertension

Por: Tiago

Understanding the causes of hypertension is essential to reducing the risk. Studies show that more than 30% of the world’s population suffers from this chronic disease. However, most are unaware of the diagnosis and do not receive the necessary care that this pathology demands.

Furthermore, it is a silent disease, meaning that when it starts to show symptoms it is because it is already more advanced. This is why doctors recommend that adults over the age of 20 should
As this is a highly relevant subject, in today’s post we will talk about the causes of hypertension and everything related to this condition. Follow along!


What is High Blood Pressure

When looking for its definition, we found that: “hypertension or high blood pressure is a chronic disease characterized by high levels of blood pressure in the arteries”. It occurs when the maximum and minimum pressure values are equal to or above 140 x 90 mmHg (popularly 14 by 9).

In most cases, among the causes of hypertension, the hereditary factor is one of the main ones. However, external factors can also influence blood pressure values, such as a sedentary lifestyle and poor diet.

Main Causes of Hypertension

  • Excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages;
  • Smoking;
  • Obesity or overweight;
  • Stress;
  • Consume excess salt;
  • Sedentary lifestyle;
  • High cholesterol levels.

As well as these factors, it is known that the probability of suffering from hypertension is greater in black people, diabetics and the elderly.

How to Prevent Hypertension

By acquiring healthy habits, it is possible to prevent hypertension. Here are some tips that can help you:


Balanced diet: It is essential to include vegetables, fruits and whole grains in your main meals. Likewise, you should avoid eating fatty foods and processed and industrialized foods.

Reduce salt intake: Know that excess salt can be a real enemy, especially for those who are already hypertensive. It does not need to be completely excluded from preparations, but it is important to pay attention to the amount consumed.

Eliminate smoking: This bad habit is highly harmful to our health. Cigarettes contain a substance called nicotine which can be very harmful, as it increases blood pressure and the risk of having a heart attack and stroke.

Practice physical exercise regularly: Regularly practicing some type of physical exercise helps prevent high blood pressure and combats excess weight. The most recommended exercises are aerobic. Remembering that, before starting any practice, consult your doctor to find out if you are fit.

Reduce stress: High levels of stress can trigger several diseases, including high blood pressure. That’s why it’s essential to reduce it, and to do this you can do activities that you enjoy, have a good quality of sleep, discover new hobbies, among others.

How to Treat High Blood Pressure

The appropriate treatment for each patient will depend on the degree of severity of the disease, as well as individual factors. In general, the treatment of hypertension involves a combination of lifestyle changes and, if necessary, the use of medication.

Likewise, it is also important to have adequate control of your blood pressure and for this, technology can be your ally, using an app for measuring blood pressure to record the readings.

And if necessary, you can also learn how to check your blood pressure using different digital devices.


Understanding the causes of hypertension is essential to preventing future health complications. This disease, unfortunately, can often go unnoticed until it is too late. By taking preventive measures and following your doctor’s instructions, you can protect your health and quality of life.

Tiago Author(a)
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